Tag Archives: Spanish

Revell 1/35 World of Tanks T-26 (03505) Build Review


I intend building this kit as a captured Nationalist T-26 during the Spanish Civil War. If you’re building any kit as something other than straight out-of-the-box, you’ll need to do some investigation. The main question is: does this kit accurately represent a tank of this period? That question requires some research, and I believe that there are a number of minor issues but just three principal problems: the louvre over the rear deck, the roadwheels and the radio antenna.

Early Model 1933 T-26 tanks had roadwheels with thick rubber rims. Later versions had more complex steel roadwheels with thinner rubber rims. This kit comes with the later type of roadwheel. I have seen it suggested that all tanks provided to Spain had the earlier type of roadwheel, but I don’t think that’s true.

This image shows a restored Nationalist T-26 in a Spanish museum. You’ll see that three of the roadwheels (one at the front and two at the rear) are of the later type while the other five are the earlier type.

Here’s another former Nationalist T-26 currently undergoing restoration in Spain. You can see that all the roadwheels here are of the later type. This images also gives a good view of the engine-deck louvre.

So, while many captured T-26 tanks in Spain may have had the earlier type of roadwheel, it certainly isn’t impossible that some were fitted with the later type. So, I’m going to go ahead and use the roadwheels provided with this kit.

The louvre over the engine deck is also an issue. The kit includes this type of louvre cover.

However, this was only developed after the Spanish Civil War because so many T-26 tanks were lost after improvised Molotov-cocktails were used on the louvre to disable these tanks. Tanks in Spain had earlier slatted-type louvres that looked like this:

This is quite a distinctive difference, and I’ll have to scratch-build a new louvre. Fortunately, the louvre is provided as a separate part on this kit, so replacing it shouldn’t be too difficult.

Finally, it does not seem that any Nationalist T-26 tanks were fitted with radios. A few captured Republican tanks did have radios, but these and the antenna were removed before these entered Nationalist service. All that was left were the stubs of the antenna mountings welded to plates on the turret which looked like this:

So, I won’t be using the radio antenna that comes with this kit and I’ll be modifying the mountings so that they look like the image above. That’s it for the changes needed, so it’s time to start the actual build.

The Build

I begin by assembling the hull. This comprises just six parts. It’s only when I’m assembling this that I notice that one of the main axles for the suspension bogies on the right side has snapped off. It isn’t in the packaging, so I’ll have to make a new one.

Fit is OK, but certainly not perfect. Tape is required to hold things in alignment while they set and some filler is required at the front. I then add something that looks a little like the slatted engine-deck louvre found on SCW T-26 tanks.

I add the rest of the bits and pieces to the hull. The driver’s hatch is a separate part and could be shown open, but the lack of any interior detail or a driver figures makes this a little pointless, so I show it closed. I do come across an issue that has me scratching my head when I try to fit the vent at the rear left of the engine deck. There are two raised lines on the hull (you can see them in the photo above) and the instructions seem to show that the vent should go inside these lines.

However, if you do that, it doesn’t fit – the vent ends up projecting to the right and rear of the engine deck, which is clearly wrong. But, if you put the vent on so that it goes outside these lines, it doesn’t sit properly – the right side is higher than the right. It takes a fair amount of filing and sanding before I get something that sits flat in approximately in the right place, and even then, filler is needed to cover a noticeable gap on the left.

I feel like I have done something wrong here, but I can’t see what it might be.

The next step is to assemble the roadwheels, suspension bogies, idlers, sprockets and return rollers. I do this because I want to build the link-and-length tracks, and to allow that, I need these parts temporarily in place. Fit isn’t wonderful with the bogies – some locating pegs would have been useful. It’s also worth noting that two different versions of the sprockets are provided with this kit – the correct ones to use are provided on the sprues with the tracks, not those included on the main sprue.

Then, it’s time to start on the tracks. This is fiddly – the individual track links are small, but at least they are cleanly moulded and they do fit together well. My plan is to construct the tracks on each side as separate upper and lower runs which I can slide into place later, once main painting and construction are done.

This is what I end up with, with the separate sections temporarily held in place with tape. The sagging on the upper run is nicely done, though obviously, you do have to make sure it’s positioned correctly so that the high points coincide with the return rollers. The tracks themselves have good detail, inside and out.

One thing I found was that, while the instructions claim that you need 7 links on the idler and 9 on the sprocket, I found that I used 8 on the sprocket and 9 on the idler. I also had to cut two links out of the section of track on the bottom run that spans between the idler and the rear roadwheel.  At least I now have complete sections of track for each side that I can add later.

I add the tracks guards, stowage boxes and other bits and pieces and, for the moment, that’s it for hull construction. I’ll add the exhaust,  tools and running gear later.

Now it’s time to make a start on the turret. I begin by drilling out the main gun, sanding off the moulding seams and mounting it in the mantlet.

That’s when I realize that no co-axial MG is included with this kit, though it is shown in the view of the completed turret in the instructions.

It’s not a major problem, and I replace it with a German MG-34 barrel from the spares box (captured Nationalist T-26 tanks often seem to have been fitted with these machine guns) but its absence seems a little odd. Main turret construction is straightforward, though the location of the two halves isn’t particularly precise and a little filler is needed on the join at the front.

Such is my hatred of masking that I’m leaving off the mantlet for the moment to make painting easier. And now, it’s time to think about the paint scheme. I’m using the Star decals set for Nationalist T-26 tanks which also includes several paint schemes. I have chosen this one, showing a tank of the Tercio de extranjeros (literally, regiment of foreigners, usually translated as Foreign Legion) in 1938.

By that time, Nationalist T-26 tanks were painted in a standard way. Most were painted in some combination of dark green, light brown and dark brown with red/yellow/red stripes on the mantlet and turret rear and the turret hatch painted either white with a diagonal black cross or black with a diagonal white cross as an air recognition symbol. There doesn’t seem to have been a fixed pattern for the camo scheme or colours and these were usually been applied by hand to give a hard-edged finish.

I begin by painting the mantlet and turret. Here’s the result after masking and painting the red/yellow/red stripes, painting the hatch white and giving it an overall base coat of dark green.

As ever, the results of my masking don’t look particularly great, but I’ll just have to live with it. Then, the hull also gets a base coat of dark green, using AK Olivegrun, but for some reason this goes on badly and it takes four coats to get anything approaching a consistent finish.

Now it’s time to think about the camo scheme. Nationalist tanks had irregular blotches of light and/or dark brown applied over the base green. There wasn’t a set pattern, so I decide on a two-colour scheme based loosely on a restored Nationalist T-26 at the military museum in Cartagena  in Spain.    

Then I add the decals to the hull. These come from Star Decals and they’re, OK, though not perfect. A couple of them broke up as I slid them off the backing sheet (including one of the Falangist Party symbols on the front mudguards) and the circular symbol that is placed on the hull front and rear is printed slightly out of register. Other than that, these are nicely dense and seem to be accurate.

I do some dry-brushed highlights then, everything gets a coat of clear varnish and I do an overall wash with dark grey oil. I also add some mud/dust on the lower hull, tracks and running gear.

With that done, it’s time to add the tracks and running gear. Happily, the assembled and painted tracks slide into place without any problems. Here’s the first side done.

There’s no doubt that link and length tracks can be tricky to assemble. But, when they’re done well (as they are in this kit) they just look so much better than vinyl tracks… All that’s now left to do is to add the exhaust and tools, and that’s this Nationalist T-26 done!

After Action Report

I’m reasonably happy with how this turned out. This really isn’t a bad little kit. Fit in some places is just average, though in the end, I used very little filler here. The lack of a co-axial MG is odd, but otherwise detail is acceptable, though it would have been great to have some internal detail and a couple of crew figures. The tracks really are pretty good. They may be a little fiddly to build, but I think the end result is worth it.

As a model of a Spanish Civil War T-26, it’s not perfect, but just about what I was aiming for. The decals from Star Decals really make a difference and their painting guide is very helpful if you’re trying to build something other than what’s provided in the box.

Overall, if you want to build a 1/35 T-26, you could do a lot worse than this Revell kit. And if producing a WoT model doesn’t appeal, well just check out the Star Decals site for lots of other options.

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Revell 1/35 World of Tanks T-26 (03505) In-Box Review and History


Star Decals website

Minairons Miniatures 1/72 IGC Sandurni Tank (20GEV001) Build Review

It’s time to start the build of Minairons Minatures IGC Sandurni tank. However, considering that this kit consists of just three parts plus a machine-gun barrel, perhaps “build” isn’t quite the right word? Anyway, I’m planning to attach the tracks and suspension units to the sides of the hull later, to give me better access to the top of the tracks for painting.

Therefore, the only job to be done before starting painting is to open out the lower part of the suspension units. Resin casting means that there is a thin film of resin on the inside of the wheel/track/suspension assembly on each side. I think the finished model will look better is this is opened out, so with drills and fine files, I cut away the film of resin between the wheels, tracks, sprockets and idlers. This isn’t difficult, it just takes a little care to ensure that the main parts aren’t damaged.

With this done, I begin painting with a sprayed undercoat of olive drab. After this, all painting is done with brushes. One thing that is clear, though it doesn’t particularly show up in these photos, is that the resin hull has a slightly rough texture that nicely replicates unfinished steel.

I add highlights in white to pick out raised detail and emphasise things like the rivets on the suspension cover plates.

Then, I apply a thin overcoat of Mig Jiminez Olivegrun. One thing I like about these Mig paints is that they are translucent, so the highlights beneath show through, but they are muted and blended. Then I paint the roadwheel tyres, and not that’s not a job to be tacked if you are suffering from coffee shakes! Though, to be fair, the moulding here gives a clear distinction between wheels and tyres which does make things easier. I then paint the tracks – all I do at this point is to paint the tracks overall dark gunmetal with lighter gunmetal highlights on the cleats and edges. I also add the decals on the hull. I notice that the large decal on the hull front is showing some signs of silvering despite my having used Vallejo decal fix and decal softener, but fortunately this isn’t too apparent.  Then everything gets a coat of matt clear varnish.

Then, it’s on to oils. The tracks get a wash of black oil to emphasise recessed areas and the hull, running gear and suspension cover plates get a pin wash of dark green to bring out shadows. I add some light chipping and wear at the edges of hatches and other parts and the tracks are completed with an acrylic brown wash to suggest rust and dirt. The hull machine gun is painted and fixed in place using a two-pack epoxy resin glue and the side-pods are fixed to the hull using the same glue. The location for these parts is only average, so some care is required while the glue sets.

Then everything gets a final coat of clear varnish that’s it done!

After-Action Report

This kit is a very quick build and paint. The whole job can be finished in a weekend and, do you know what? That’s really satisfying! I am fairly happy with the finished IGC Sandurni and I think this is a very worthwhile kit if you are in the mood to tackle something completely different.

The main issues here are related to the tiny size of this tank. How small is it – well, here it is next to a 1/72 Revell Tiger.

You see what I mean? Next to the Sandurni, the Revell Tiger looks gigantic! Making a kit with so few parts and so small isn’t really about construction, it’s all about painting. The size of this kit does make elements of this painting a challenge, and my painting skills certainly aren’t the best, but it’s possible to end up with something that looks decent and will stand out as an interesting curiosity in any 1/72 armour collection.

I highly recommend the Minairons IGC Sandurni for a quick-fix of modelling satisfaction. And as for resin kits, well, again the fact that parts are provided as complete assemblies does make painting a little tricky, but if the moulding is as clean and sharp as it is here, then it isn’t really much more difficult than painting any 1/72 kit. Do you fancy a complete change? Then this tiny kit may be the answer….

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Minairons Miniatures 1/72 IGC Sandurni Tank (20GEV001)  In-Box Review and History


Minairons Miniatures web site.

Minairons Miniatures 1/72 IGC Sandurni Tank (20GEV001) In-Box Review and History


If you are anything like me, your first reaction on reading the title of this review is probably something along the lines of “Who are Minairons?” quickly followed by “and what the heck is an IDC Sandurni anyway”? Fear not, dear reader, these and other questions will all be answered…

Actually, the first one is pretty easy. Minairons Miniatures is a company based in the Catalonia region of Spain, near the city of Barcelona, that produces a small range of kits and figures. The company was started around ten years ago with the intention of covering subjects from the Spanish Civil War in 1/72 and 1/100 scales with emphasis on the region of Catalonia (the company name recalls the minairó, mythical, fairy-like creatures that live in the valleys of the Pyrenees). The range has now expanded to cover figures from the War of Spanish Succession (1701–1714), a range of 1/600 ships from the age of sail and 1/72 racing cars from 1938.

In terms of kits, Minairons produce both resin cast models and simplified injection moulded plastic kits. What surprised me about the company is that it is essentially a one-man operation! Lluís Vilalta founded the company and runs it himself. Digital design, sculpting, resin casting and white metal tooling are all subcontracted to other small companies in the area – this is truly kit and figure production as a cottage industry.

Minairons’ kit output is focussed on wargaming, which calls for completed kits that are sturdy and fairly simple, so in some ways it is unfair to compare their kits to those of dedicated 1/72 model manufacturers. However, the Minairons range of 1/72 AFVs includes several vehicles not covered by (as far as I know) any other manufacturer. For example, in addition to the IGC Sandurni, they also produce 1/72 kits of the Trubia A4 tank, the Trubia-Naval tank and the Hispano-Suiza MC-36 armoured car.

Before I stumbled across the Minairons website (you’ll find a link at the end of this review) I confess that I had never heard of this company or many of the Spanish Civil War AFVs they cover. I have also never attempted a resin-based kit so, when the company kindly offered to provide a kit for review, I was delighted to take a look. Can a simple resin kit produce a decent model?


To many people (myself included) the Spanish Civil War can seem a baffling conflict. Spain had already endured decades of political turmoil when in 1936, the Popular Front, a bewilderingly complex coalition of left-wing groups, won the majority in the election. As a direct result, a military coup was attempted in June 1936 under the leadership of General José Sanjurjo. The coup was only partially successful, with the rebels taking control of just one major city, Seville and the port of Cadiz in the south and areas of the north and centre including the city of Corunna on the Atlantic coast. Most of the country, including the cities of Madrid and Barcelona, remained under the control of the government. Spain was divided into two groups that became known as the Nationalists (the Army-led rebels) and the Republicans (the elected government). For the next three years these two opposing forces battled for control of Spain.

Republican soldiers and T-26 tanks at the Battle of Brunete in July 1937.

Image: George Brown via the George Brown memorial website: https://www.g-brown-brigadista.com/

When General Sanjurjo died in an air crash a few days after the beginning of the coup, control of rebel forces fell to General Francisco Franco. Under Franco’s control, the Nationalists became centralist and authoritarian and formed associations with the fascist regimes in Italy and Germany which provided weapons, aircraft, tanks, vehicles and volunteers. The Republicans purchased tanks, aircraft and weapons from the Soviet Union which also supplied a small number of trainers and advisors.

A Republican T-26 somewhere near the Ebro River

Image: The Robert Capa and Cornell Capa Archive at the ICP museum

The limited number of tanks used in the conflict were mainly German and Italian on the Nationalist side and Russian on the Republican side – the most effective and feared tank of the war was the Russian T-26 armed with the 45mm gun which proved much more effective than the German Panzer I or the Italian L3/35 tankette. Both sides also used improvised AFVs and there was some indigenous design and production of tanks during the conflict. On the Republican side a few industrial works in Catalonia began designing tanks.

Fabrication of the personnel carrier version of the IGC Sadurni in the Benach Works in San Sadurní de Noya.

Image: Unknown

One of these was Maquinaria Moderna para Construcciones y Obras Publicas S.A.E., a company based in the town of San Sadurní de Noya that produced the tracked Benach agricultural tractor. The Industria de Guerra Cataluña (War Council for Catalonia – IGC) commissioned the company to build a small tank based on the Benach caterpillar tractor that they had already manufactured. The result was the Carro IGC Sadurni – most Republican tanks were named after the place in which they were manufactured.

The Carro IGC Sandurni tank.

Image: Unknown

This small, lightly armoured tank was powered by a four-cylinder, 60hp Hispano-Suiza petrol engine, housed a crew of two and was planned to be armed with a single 7.5 mm Mle 1914 Hotchkiss machine gun in a ball mount. The hull was constructed from rivetted panels of light steel, possibly 7.5mm thick with a double layer on the glacis plate and front hull. Prototypes of two other versions were also produced – an artillery tractor and an open-topped personnel carrier similar to the British Universal Carrier (Minairons produce kits of all three versions of the IGC Sandurni). No-one is certain how many were produced, but it seems likely that only a handful of the tank version were actually manufactured.

Another IGC Sandurni. This is not the same tank shown in the previous image – this one has a bulge on the glacis plate, vertical louvres on the sides of the rear engine compartment and it lacks a flap over the driver’s vision slot. The markings shown here are provided with this kit.

Image: Unknown

I have been able to find out nothing at all about the operational use of the IGC Sadurni during the civil war, nor what it was finally armed with. Several were seen at a military parade in Madrid in the early summer of 1937 but they were unarmed and I have been unable to find any photograph of this tank with a machine gun fitted. Conflict between Communist and Anarchist factions in Barcelona in May of that year seems to have ended plans for mass-production of this tank. I have found suggestions, but no definitive evidence, that at least one IGC Sadurni was captured by Nationalist forces and used by them as late as November 1938.

A dramatic image of an IGC Sandurni in the field.

Image: Unknown

What’s in the Box

This is a resin cast kit with just three basic components. The tracks, suspension, roadwheels, sprockets, etc. for each side are modelled as a single part as is the main hull. All arrive nicely packed in a small packet of protective material.

No instructions are provided – the assembly instructions and painting scheme are shown on the rear of the box.

This is my first resin kit and I was expecting relatively poor surface detail, but the detail here really isn’t bad at all with the roadwheels and tyres clearly separate and things like the rivets on the suspension cover plates being very well done.

This detail isn’t as sharp as you’d find on, for example, a quality injection-moulded kit, but it’s better than I expected and you have to remember here that you are dealing with a low-volume kit of a very rare tank.

As to dimensional accuracy, well, that is something that is the subject of some dispute. The few websites that mention this tank generally specify a length of 2.8m and a width of 1.56m. The same sites also often mention that this tank was powered by a 43hp CEFA engine. However, this information seems to originate in a couple of Spanish language books about the Civil War by Javier de Mazarrasa. No blueprints for this tank have been discovered and after studying photographs, Lluís Vilalta, the man who runs Minairons, disagrees – he believes that the actual overall size of the IGC Sandurni was 3.30m long and 1.80m wide and that it was powered by a 60hp Hispano-Suiza engine, the same type that was used in the Benach tractor. The kit is based on this larger estimate of size. Creating an accurate kit of such a little-known tank must be extremely difficult compared to the better documented AFVs of World War Two.

The barrel for the machine gun is finely moulded in white metal. Early versions of this kit (and the boxtop art) show a Hotchkiss machine gun, which this clearly isn’t. I spoke to Lluís Vilalta and he explained that while early versions of the kit were provided with a plastic version of the Hotchkiss barrel, these were not aesthetically great – they certainly look a little oversize. This is a more detailed and scaled generic machine gun barrel and, given that we don’t know how the original was armed, I guess that’s entirely reasonable.

The decal sheet is very comprehensive. It includes specific decals for one of the few IGC Sadurnis photographed, with white lettering. There are also more generic decals for Republican units so you can pretty much decide how to use them.

As you can see, it even includes Scottish markings! Apparently this is for use in A Very British Civil War, an alternative history wargame published by Solway Crafts and Miniatures – you’ll find a link at the end of this review. Despite the appeal of the Scottish markings, I think I’ll be using the decals that match the one of the few known photographs. The only paint scheme suggested is overall Vallejo Military Green but you are free to let your imagination and your Google skills run wild – both in Republican service and as a captured Nationalist tank, there are a large number of possible colour schemes for this tank.

Image: Tank Encyclopedia via Wikimedia Commons

Would You Want One?

If you fancy building a model of the IGC Sandurni in any scale, there simply aren’t any alternatives. As far as I am aware, Minairons are the only company currently offering a kit of this tank. Instead, what about another version of the IGC Sandurni provided by Minairons – this is the personnel carrier which comes with a white-metal driver and five soldiers.

This is a small and simple kit. But then, the IGC Sandurni was a small and simple tank that never really got beyond the prototype stage. If you’re bored with the usual Tigers, Shermans and T-34s, here is something truly different, produced by a very small company that seems passionate about what they do.

If you are a regular reader, you’ll know that I don’t enjoy building kits with bazillions of tiny parts so you can probably guess that I am looking forward to building and painting this tiny kit and I can’t wait to see how it looks next to models of larger tanks in the same scale. 

Thanks to Minairons Miniatures for providing this kit for review.

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Minairons Miniatures 1/72 IGC Sandurni Tank (20GEV001) Build Review


Minairons Miniatures web site.

Solway Crafts and Miniatures A Very British Civil War page.